Behavioral responses to health innovations and the consequences for socioeconomic outcomes
Researchers and the industry produce new knowledge, treatments, and technologies that constantly improve the population's health. But the benefits of the health innovations are unequally distributed. New health technologies spread at different pace across different groups in society, seeming to benefit better-educated groups more and thus allowing them to be more productive, work for longer periods, and invest more to finance an extended period of healthy retirement. This continuously growing gap in health is a challenge for society that the research team from the Department of Economics at the University of Copenhagen will shed light on over the next 4 years.
Mette Gørtz is the principal investigator in close collaboration with the leaders of two of the project's work packages, Miriam Gensowski and Torben Heien Nielsen, as well as a number of other colleagues from both the University of Copenhagen and abroad.
|Search in Name||Search in Title||Search in Job responsibilities|
|Benjamin Ly Serena||Postdoc||Health Economics, Public Economics, Mental Health, Inequality in Life Expectancy, Applied Microeconometrics|
|Claus Thustrup Kreiner||Professor||Public Finance, Public Policy, Inequality, Labor Supply, Consumption Behavior|
|Esteban Garcia Miralles||Research Assistant||Applied Microeconomics, Labor Economics, Public Economics, Social Security, Household Finance, Health Economics.|
|Frederik Plesner Lyngse||Postdoc||Empirical health economics; patient adherence; Danish ministry of health; register data; applied microeconomics|
|Ida Lykke Kristiansen||PhD Fellow||Health economics, family economics, child development inequality, applied microeconometrics|
|Mette Ejrnæs||Professor||Applied Micro Econometrics; Income/earnings Processes; Consumption; Foster Care and Unemployment Insurance|
|Mette Gørtz||Professor||Health Economics; Family Economics; Labour Economics; Ageing; Applied Microeconometrics|
|Sonja Settele||Postdoc||Health Economics, Inequality, Beliefs, Applied microeconometrics, experimental economics|
|Torben Heien Nielsen||Associate Professor||Health Behaviors; Health and Mortality Inequalities; Retirement and Savings; Health Measurement; Health Care Suppliers|
Project: Behavioral responses to health innovations and the consequences for socioeconomic outcomesPeriod: January 2018 – December 2021
Principal investigator: Mette Gørtz
|Itzik Fadlon||Assistant professor||University of California San Diego|
|Stefanie Schurer||Professor||University of Sydney|
Better health, bigger pension?
The project consists of three parts. The first part will establish the foundation, by analyzing the impact of health innovations on social and economic factors: If someone expects to live longer this will not only impact his long-term planning but already his actions today. Improvements in health can improve productivity and employment options and facilitate a longer work life – all of these, in turn, impact for example savings decisions.
Headed by Mette Gørtz, the group collaborating on this first working package will study users of two specific health innovations, namely HIV and diabetes treatments, with the aim of answering the key question: How do innovations in health affect individual economic decisions regarding employment, investment and savings? And what are the consequences, ultimately, for the economy?
Who benefits from health innovations?
Studies show that life expectancy has risen and mortality has declined over recent decades. But not all groups in society have experienced the same progress and the socioeconomic gap in health is growing. Is this because richer and better-educated people adhere better to physicians' advice, or adopt new health technologies faster than others? This could be the case if health innovations are characterized by complex technology and knowledge, whereas if the innovations aim to remedy diseases that are known to more often affect people with low incomes, then we can expect an equalization in health inequality.
Torben Heien Nielsen is in charge of this second part of the project treating the development of life expectancy and mortality for a wide range of diseases across income groups in society. The group will follow the development of the last 35 years identifying shifts in mortality for groups in society and investigating whether the shifts are related to emergence of new medicine, new health technologies or new knowledge within the field of health.
The meeting between the patient and the doctor
Previous studies point to a strong link between education and health: the better educated live healthier and longer lives. But we know that there are large differences in health behavior across the population, in terms of lifestyle, diet and exercise habits, as well as the tendency to seek medical attention. The question is: what role does education itself really play?
This third part of the project aims at opening the black box of knowledge on the behavioral mechanisms that could drive the observed relationship between education and health. Notably, this project will focus on one known driver of educational attainment and behavior, cognitive and socio-emotional skills, and the role of these skills in the patient-doctor interaction. Miriam Gensowski heads the group that will work to establish the patient's socio-emotional skills and behaviors that drive the health production process, and their effect on the interaction with physicians and the physician's ability to prescribe successful treatment.
Fadlon, Itzik, and Torben Heien Nielsen (Forthcoming). Family Labor Supply Responses to Severe Health Shocks: Evidence from Danish Administrative Records. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics.
Mette Ejrnæs and Thomas Jørgensen (2020): Family Planning in a Life‐Cycle Model with Income Risk, forthcoming in Journal of Applied Econometrics.
Gørtz, Mette, Noel Brewer, Peter Reinhard Hansen and Mette Ejrnæs (2020): The contagious nature of a vaccine scare: How the introduction of HPV vaccination lifted and eroded MMR vaccination in Denmark. Vaccine.
Kreiner, Claus, T., and Hans Henrik Sievertsen (2020): Neonatal health of parents and cognitive development of children. Journal of Health Economics, 69.
Gensowski, Miriam, Mette Gørtz, and Stefanie Schurer: Personality Dynamics over the Lifecourse. CEBI Working Paper 16/2020.
Attanasio, Orazio P., and Torben Heien Nielsen (2020): Econonomic Resources, Mortality and Inequality. CEBI Working Paper 06/2020.
Settele, Sonja, and Cortnie Shupe (2020): Lives or livelihoods? Perceived Tradeoffs and Public Demand for Pharmaceutical Interventions. CEBI Working Paper 17/20.
Laird, Jessica, Nick Fabrin Nielsen and Torben Heien Nielsen (2020): Differential Effects of the Timing of Divorce on Children’s Outcomes: Evidence from Denmark. CEBI Working paper 11/20.
Kristiansen, Ida Lykke (2020): Short- and Long-Term Consequences of Serious Parental Health Shocks. CEBI Working Paper 10/20.
Garcia Miralles, Esteban, and Miriam Gensowski (2020): Are Children's Socio-Emotional Skills Shaped by Parental Health Shocks? Conference paper / CEBI Working Paper.
Frederik Plesner Lyngse (2020): Essays in Health Economics: Supply and Demand. PhD thesis, University of Copenhagen, Department of Economics.
Hirani, Jonas Lau-Jensen (2020): Universal Child Policies, Child Development and Parental Behavior. PhD thesis, University of Copenhagen, Department of Economics.
Fadlon, Itzik, and Torben Heien Nielsen (2019). Family Health Behaviors. American Economic Review.
Nielsen, Nick F., Amanda Gaulke, Tine M. Eriksen, Jannet Svensson and Niels Skipper (2019): Socioeconomic Inequality in Metabolic Control Among Children With Type 1 Diabetes: A Nationwide Longitudinal Study of 4,079 Danish Children. Diabetes Care.
Skipper, Niels, Amanda Gaulke, Stine Møller Sildorf, Tine M. Eriksen, Nick Fabrin Nielsen, Jannet Svensson (2019): Association of Type 1 Diabetes With Standardized Test Scores of Danish Schoolchildren. Journal of the American Medical Association.
Nielsen, Nick F. (2019): Sick of Retirement? Journal of Health Economics, 65:133-152.
Gensowski, Miriam; Nielsen, Torben Heien; Nielsen, Nete Munk; Rossin-Slater, Maya; Wüst, Miriam (2019): Childhood Health Shocks, Comparative Advantage, and Long-Term Outcomes: Evidence from the Last Danish Polio Epidemic. Journal of Health Economics.
Serena, Benjamin Ly (2019): Cognitive Consequences of Iodine Deficiency in Adolescence: Evidence from Salt Iodization in Denmark. CEBI Working Paper 04/19.
Nielsen, Nick Fabrin (2019): Empirical essays at the intersection of economics, health and education. PhD thesis, University of Copenhagen, Department of Economics. March 2019.
Serena, Benjamin Ly (2019): Essays in Health Economics - Measurement and Policy. PhD thesis, University of Copenhagen, Department of Economics. March 2019.
Kreiner, Claus T., Torben Heien Nielsen and Benjamin Ly Serena (2018): Role of Income mobility for the measurement of inequality in life expectancy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.